Zadokite fragments

Also known as the Damascus Document, similar to the Manual of Discipline from Qumran, containing the rules of the community. This document was discovered in the geniza attached to an ancient synagogue in Cairo in 1896, and is now in Cambridge, England.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • TEACHER OF RIGHTEOUSNESS — (Heb. מוֹרֶה צֶדֶק moreh ẓedek), the organizer of the qumran community or Yaḥad . His designation may have been derived from such biblical passages as Hosea 10:12, it is time to seek the Lord, till He come and cause righteousness to rain (yoreh… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DAMASCUS, BOOK OF COVENANT OF — (the Zadokite Documents or the Damascus Document; abbr. CD for Cairo Damascus), work presenting the views of the sect which is said to have left the Land of Judah and emigrated to the Land of Damascus. The work first became known through the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Damascus Document — The Damascus Document (CD) (the Cairo Damascus document) or Damascus Rule is one of the most interesting texts of the Dead Sea Scrolls because it is the only Qumran sectarian work that was known before the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls. There …   Wikipedia

  • biblical literature — Introduction       four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha.       The Old… …   Universalium

  • Damascus Document — or Zadokite Fragments Document associated with the ancient Jewish community at Qumrān. The group had fled to the desert during Antiochus IV Epiphanes s persecutions (175–164/163 BC). The document must predate the revolt of AD 66–70, which forced… …   Universalium

  • DISCIPLINE, MANUAL OF — ( The Sectarian Document or The Rule of the Community ; Heb. סֶרֶךְ הַיַּחַד, Serekh ha Yaḥad; abbr. 1QS), one of the dead sea scrolls , found in the spring of 1947 near Qumran; now in the Israel Museum s Shrine of the Book in Jerusalem. The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LITERATURE, JEWISH — Literature on Jewish themes and in languages regarded as Jewish has been written continuously for the past 3,000 years. What the term Jewish literature encompasses, however, demands definition, since Jews have lived in so many countries and have… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LIES, MAN OF — (Heb. אִישׁ הַכָּזָב, Ish ha Kazav), a person mentioned in some of the Qumran texts because of his opposition to the teacher of righteousness . In the Damascus Document the figure of approximately 40 years marks the interval from the day that the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mastema — For the moth genus, see Mastema (moth). Mastema an angel who persecutes evil in Hebrew folklore. He carries out punishments for God. He tempts humans and tests their faith. He asked God to permit him to have demons as his subordinates. In the… …   Wikipedia

  • Onias III — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Onias. Le Grand Prêtre Onias III (hébreu חוניו), fils de Simon II, déposé en 175, fut le dernier des grands prêtres sadocites légitimes. Son frère Jason, qui fut imposé par Antiochus IV, est considéré comme un… …   Wikipédia en Français

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